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英汉对照:电镀名词术语、镀覆方法

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英汉对照:电镀名词术语、镀覆方法

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发布时间:
2012/04/09 16:36

镀前处理和镀后处理

1 镀前处理 preplating

2 镀后处理 postplating

3 化学抛光 chemical polishing

4 化学除油 alkaline degreasing

5 电抛光 electropolishing

6 电解除油 electrolytic degreasing

7 电解浸蚀 electrolytic pickling

8 浸亮 bright dipping

9 机械抛光 mechanical polishing

10 有机溶剂除油 solvent degreasing

11 光亮浸蚀 bright pickling

12 粗化 roughening

13 敏化 sensitization

14 汞齐化 amalgamation (blue dip)

15 刷光 brushing

16 乳化除油 emulsion degreasing

17 除氢 removal of hydrogen (de-embrittlement )

18 退火 annealing

19 逆流漂洗 countercurrent rinsing

20 封闭 sealing

21 着色能力 dyeing power

22 退镀 stripping

23 热扩散 thermal diffusion

24 热熔 hot melting

25 着色 colouring

26 脱色 decolorization

27 喷丸 shot blasting

28 喷砂 sand blasting

29 喷射清洗 spray rinsing

30 超声波清洗 ultrasonic cleaning

31 弱浸蚀 acid dipping

32 强浸蚀 pickling

33 缎面加212 satin finish

34 滚光 barrel burnishing

35 磨光 grinding

电镀常用名词术语

1 化学腐蚀 chemical corrosion

2 双电层 electric double layer

3 双极性电极 bipolar electrode

4 分散能力 throwing power

5 分解电压 decomposition voltage

6 不溶性阳极(惰性阳极) inert anode

7 电化学 electrochemistry

8 电化学极化(活化极化) activation polarization

9 电化学腐蚀 electrochemical corrosion

10 电化当量 electrochemical equivalent

11 电导率(比电导) conductivity

12 电泳 electrophoresis

13 电动势 electromotive force

14 钝化电势 passivation potential

15 腐蚀电势 corrosion potential

16 电流密度 current density

17 电流效率 current efficiency

18 腐蚀速率corrosion rate(vcor),腐蚀电流corrosion current(Icor)

19 电极 electrode

20 电极电势electrode potential

21 电解质electrolyte

22 电解液electrolytic solution

23 电离度degree of ionization

24 去极化depolarization

25 平衡电极电势equilibrium electrode potential

26 正极positive electrode

27 负极negative electrode

28 阴极cathode

29 阴极极化cathodic polarization

30 阴极性镀层cathodic coating

31 阳极anode

32 阳极泥anode slime

33 阳极极化anodic polarization

34 阳极性镀层anodic coating

35 迁移数transport number

36 超电势overpotential

37 扩散层diffusion layer

38 杂散电流stray current

39 导电盐conducting salt

40 体积电流密度volume current density

41 沉积速率deposition rate

42 初次电流分布primary current distribution

43 局部腐蚀local corrosion

44 极化polarization

45 极化度polarizability

46 极化曲线polarization curve

47 极间距Interelectrode distance

48 乳化 emulsification

49 应力腐蚀stress corrosion

50 析气gassing

51 活化activation

52 活度activity

53 标准电极电势standard electrode potential

54 浓差极化concentration polarization

55 钝化passivation

56 点腐蚀spot corrosion

57 配位化合物complex compound

58 复盐double salt

59 氢脆 hydrogen embrittlement

60 渗氢seepage hydrogen

61 界面张力interracial tension

62 临界电流密度critical current density

63 半电池half-cell

64 原电池galvanic cell

65 盐桥salt bridge

66 pH值 pH value

67 基体材料basis material(substrate)

68 辅助阳极auxiliary anode

69 辅助阴极auxiliary cathode

70 接触电势contact potential

71 晶间腐蚀intercrystalline corrosion

72 溶度积solubility product

73 溶解度solubility

74 微观覆盖能力microcovering power

75 槽电压tank voltage

76 静态电极电势static electrode potential

77 螯合物chelate compound

78 整平作用1eveling action

79 覆盖能力covering power

80 主要表面signiflcant surface

81 冲击电流striking current

镀覆方法

1 化学气相沉积 chemical vapor deposition

2 物理气才目沉积 physical vapor deposition

3 化学钝化 chemical passivation

4 化学氧化 chemical oxidation

5 阳极氧化 anodizing

6 化学镀(自催化镀) autocalytic plating

7 激光电镀 1aser electroplating

8 闪镀 flash(flash plate)

9 电镀 electroplating

10 机械镀 mechanical plating

11 浸镀 immersion plate

12 电铸 electroforming

13 叠力口电流电镀 superimposed current electroplating

14 光亮电镀 bright plating

15 合金电镀 alloy plating

16 多层电镀 multiplayer plating

17 冲击镀 strike plating

18 金属电沉积 metal electrodeposition

19 刷镀 brush plating

20 周期转向电镀 periodic reverse plating

21 转化膜 conversion coating

22 挂镀 rack plating

23 复合电镀(弥散电镀) composite plating

24 脉冲电镀 pulse plating

25 钢铁发蓝(钢铁化学氧化) blueing (chemical oxide)

26 高速电镀 high speed electrodeposion

27 滚镀 barrel plating

28 塑料电镀 plating on plastics

29 磷化 phosphating

材料和设备

1 水的软化softening of water

2 汇流排busbar

3 阳极袋anode bag

4 光亮剂brightening agent (brightener)

5 助滤剂filteraid

6 阻化剂inhibitor

7 表面活性剂surface active agent(surfactant)

8 乳化剂emulsifying agent(emulsifier)

9 配位剂complexant

10 绝缘层insulated layer(resist)

11 挂具(夹具) plating rack

12 润湿剂wetting agent

13 离心干燥机centrifuge

14 添加剂addition agent(additive)

15 缓冲剂buffer

16 移动阴极swept cathode

17 隔膜diaphragm

18 整合剂chelating agent

19 整平剂leveling agent

20 整流器rectifier

测试和检验

1 大气暴露试验atmospheric corrosion test

2 中性盐雾试验(NSS试验) neutral salt spray test(NSS-test)

3 不连续水膜water break

4 pH计 pH meter

5 孔隙率 porosity

6 内应力 internal stress

7 电导仪 conductivity gauge

8 库仑计(电量计) coulomb meter

9 旋转圆盘电极 rotating disk electrode

10 旋转环盘电极 rotating ring disk electrode

11 针孔 pores

12 铜加速盐雾试验(CASS试验) copper accelerated salt spray (CASS test ).

13 参比电极 reference electrode

14 甘汞电极 calomel electrode

15 可焊性 solder ability

16 硬度 hardness

17 金属变色 tarnish

18 点滴腐蚀试验 dropping corrosion test

19 玻璃电极glass electode

20 结合力 adhesion

21 哈林槽 Haring cell

22 恒电势法 potentiostatic method

23 恒电流法 galvanostatic method

24 交流电流法 a.c method

25 树枝状结晶 trees

26 脆性 brittleness

27 起皮 peeling

28 起泡 blister

29 剥离 spalling

30 桔皮 orange peel